First Nations Principles of Ownership, Control, Access, and Possession

Author: First Nations Information Governance Centre (n.d.)

First Nations Information Governance Centre (n.d.). The First Nations Principles of OCAP®: Understanding OCAP®.


The OCAP® principles are a set of standards developed to protect First Nations’ control, access, and possession of information about their communities. To be OCAP® compliant, each of the four main components (ownership, control, access, and possession) must be respected and fulfilled.

Potential use

Anyone who is planning on conducting research with Canadian First Nations should familiarize themselves with OCAP® principles.

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