Implementing the Icelandic Model for Preventing Adolescent Substance Use

Author: Kristjansson et al. (2020)
Publication Date: 2020

Kristjansson AL, Mann MJ, Sigfusson J, Thorisdottir IE, Allegrante JP, Sigfusdottir ID. Implementing the Icelandic Model for Preventing Adolescent Substance Use. Health Promotion Practice. 2020;21(1):70-79. doi:10.1177/1524839919849033


This resource is the last in a series of articles documenting the Icelandic Prevention Model (IPM) and its implementation as an approach to preventing substance use among youth. Centering on practical application, this article builds on the origins and theoretical foundation of the IPM with a detailed description of the ten core steps that guide effective practice-based implementation of the model. Steps one to three of the IPM approach focus on building the capacity of communities to implement the model, steps four to six focus on collecting, analyzing, and sharing data, and steps seven to nine focus on making plans and high-level changes to create a social environment conducive to reducing youth substance use. Step ten involves reflecting, making improvements, and then repeating steps four through nine. The article concludes with a brief discussion of adapting the IPM approach to accommodate unique needs within communities.

Potential use

For individuals, organizations, and communities interested in practice-based implementation of the IPM approach, including those engaged in the Youth Substance Use Prevention Program (YSUPP) and others working to strengthen implementation of the IPM in Canada.

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