Drisko, J. W., Corbin, J., & Begay, P. L. (2019). Multiple ways of knowing: Teaching research under EPAS 2015. Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 1-16.
This paper provides a history of multiple ways of knowing (MWK) with a focus on Indigenous ways of knowing. It elaborates on relevant concepts with two rich examples of how MWK has played out in specific projects. The discussion includes how specific study methods can be chosen and used that honour the world view and local priorities of participants. It notes that no design is precluded or privileged – it is more about respectful relationships and honouring sources of information valued by all collaborators.
This article offers guidance for what might be an appropriate stance and attitude for co-design work with communities. It specifically outlines Indigenous ways of knowing which are characterized as more integrated, holistic, intuitive and experiential than western approaches. It also emphasizes that local communities and populations have unique and local ways of knowing and cautions against over-generalization.